Friday, May 10, 2013

Handy reference to the best-known hardwood and softwood trees

For a handy reference to the best-known hardwood and softwood trees, here is a compiled list showing the general areas in the United States where they may be found.

Most deciduous trees are hardwoods with broad leaves which are shed in the fall. These trees remain dormant during the winter and they provide the best woods for a fire. Hardwoods burn clean and slowly and leave lots of good hot coals.

Deciduous Trees:
Alder, red-Pacific coast
Apple-east; central; northern; southern
Ash-east; central; southern
Aspen-Rocky Mountain; northern
Beech-east; central; northern
Birch- northern
Chestnut-east; central
Cottonwood-Pacific coast; Rocky Mountains; east, central, southern
Dogwood-east; central
Elm-east; central
Gum, black-east, central, southern
Gum, red-east; central; southern
Hickory-east; central
Locust-east; central
Mahogany, mountain-Rocky Mountain
Maple, big leaf-pacific coast
Maple, red-east; central; northern
Maple, sugar-northern
Oak-east; central; northern; southern
Poplar-east; central; southern
Sycamore-east; central
Tulip-east; central
Walnut-east; central

Most conifers are evergreens, or softwoods, and they produce seeds within cones. Conifers usually have needles which they shed, but not all at once, and they remain green throughout the year. Softwoods light easily and make a good fire, but they burn fast and leave few coals.

Coniferous Trees:
Cedar, incense-Pacific coast; Rocky Mountain
Cedar, red-Pacific coast; Rocky Mountain; east; central
Cedar, white-northern
Fir, balsam-Pacific coast; northern
Fir, Douglas-Pacific coast; Rocky Mountain
Fir, white-Rocky Mountain; northern
Hemlock, western-Pacific Coast
Larch, western-Rocky Mountain
Pine, jack-northern
Pine, longleaf-southern
Pine, lodgepole-Rocky Mountain
Pine, ponderosa-Rocky Mountain
Pine, red-northern
Pine, shortleaf-east; central; southern
Pine, slash-southern
Pine, sugar-Pacific coast; Rocky Mountain
Pine, Virginia-east; central
Pine, white-Rocky Mountain; east; central; northern
Redwood-Pacific coast
Spruce, Englemann-Rocky Mountain
Spruce, northern-northern
Spruce, Sitka-Pacific coast

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