For a handy reference to the best-known hardwood trees, here is a compiled list showing the general areas in the United States where they may be found.
Most deciduous trees are hardwoods with broad leaves which are shed in the fall. These trees remain dormant during the winter and they provide the best woods for a fire. Hardwoods burn clean and slowly and leave lots of good hot coals.
Alder, red-Pacific coast
Apple-east; central; northern; southern
Ash-east; central; southern
Aspen-Rocky Mountain; northern
Beech-east; central; northern
Cottonwood-Pacific coast; Rocky Mountains; east, central, southern
Gum, black-east, central, southern
Gum, red-east; central; southern
Mahogany, mountain-Rocky Mountain
Maple, big leaf-pacific coast
Maple, red-east; central; northern
Oak-east; central; northern; southern
Poplar-east; central; southern